2021/7/25  
Steel prices soar, causing shortages and trouble for manufacturers (2021/07/19)
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  • 英文 English 
    Steel prices soar, causing shortages and trouble for manufacturers (2021/07/19)

    Strong global demand for steel has caused prices to soar. That's led to limited availability of the crucial metal, and problems for manufacturers all across industry. Even related materials such as iron ore are surging in price. And economists say that as the world emerges from the coronavirus pandemic in 2021, prices will stay high.

    This machine produces over 100 screws every minute. Orders are flooding in and workers are on their toes.

    Global steel prices have gone up and that means screws are valuable commodities. Steel wire used to be NT$32 a ton. Now it’s NT$42 to NT$45. Materials used to make molds and paper packaging have risen in value too, meaning the overall price of screws has jumped 15-20%.

    Screw manufacturer
    We count how many pieces they bought, and then measure the weight of each individual piece. One bag is about 30 kilograms. The costs involved are considerable.

    Screw manufacturer
    Last month we adjusted the price by NT$8-9. A kilogram of galvanized iron used to be a-hundred-and-something dollars. Now it’s over NT$200. Copper used to be three-hundred-and-something, now it’s almost NT$500. So the second half of the year will be hard. We have the orders, but we can’t get hold of the material. I was supposed to deliver my first batch of orders in March, but I only completed it at the end of June.

    The surge in steel prices has really hit manufacturers. Prices are high and shortages are increasing. It takes at least two or three months for new orders of steel to come in.

    Darson Chiu
    TIER researcher
    Rising prices will affect everything, from more raw materials like iron ore, steel billets and sheet steel to more processed commodities like manufacturing equipment and transportation tools, screws and nuts and so on. Basically we expect these prices to keep rising until the end of the year.

    This economist says the global economy will bounce back as COVID recedes, and steel demand will keep rising. But for some in the industry, that won’t be plain sailing.
    中文 Chinese  
    國際鋼鐵價格飆漲螺絲漲幅15~20%大缺料

    國際鋼鐵需求大增,價格居高不下,連帶螺絲價格也大漲,業者說,過去鋼鐵線材每噸32元,現在是漲到每噸42到45元,加上其他模具、紙箱、耗材等原物料通通漲,也讓螺絲漲幅15%-20%,缺料問題也很嚴重,光是要等料至少得等2到3個月。

    機台快速運轉,每分鐘可生產出上百顆螺絲,因訂單滿載,也讓員工忙翻。

    國際鋼鐵價格居高不下,連帶螺絲價格也大漲,過去鋼鐵線材每噸32元,現在是漲到42到45元,其他模具、紙箱、耗材原物料等通通漲,也讓螺絲漲幅15%-20%。

    [[螺絲業者]]
    “算他買的支數多少,然後以每支單重下去秤重,大概一袋差不多30公斤左右,成本都很高”

    [[螺絲業者]]
    “上個月又調8塊9塊,一公斤鋼材, (白鐵)本來100多塊,現在漲到200多塊,紅銅本來是300多,現在漲到快500,所以後半年也是很辛苦,我們有單,可是買不到原物料,我的第一批單子,原來是3月要交,我6月底才全部交完”

    業者哇哇叫,因為原料漲幅實在太誇張,而且不只價格飆漲,缺料問題更嚴重,想要訂料,最快也要等2到3個月才會到貨。

    [[台經院研究員 邱達生]]
    “從上中游的比如說像鐵礦砂,鋼胚鋼板到比較下游的,機械設備運輸工具、螺絲螺帽等,都會受到價格上揚的影響,基本上這個價格可望到年底,都還是一直會持續上揚”

    專家預估,後疫情時代,全球將迎來經濟復甦,需求量大、只怕從原物料到成本,還會持續飆不停。
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