2020/9/24  
Precious cargo: Taipei preparing two pangolins for new home in Prague (2020/09/16)
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  • 英文 English 
    Precious cargo: Taipei preparing two pangolins for new home in Prague (2020/09/16)

    Pangolins are a scaly-skinned mammal that's been hunted to the brink of extinction worldwide. Taiwan, through years of immense effort, has become a haven for the Chinese pangolin. Our reporter Stephany Yang swings by Taipei Zoo to meet one of the world's most famous pangolins, plus two that are bound for the city of Prague.

    This is Chiung Wu , Taipei Zoo's best-known pangolin. Born in 2014, she had to be fed by hand at the zoo. She is the first pangolin in the world to be born in captivity and to later have a baby of her own.

    At the moment, Taipei Zoo has 14 pangolins in its care. Eight were bred in the zoo. Six are pangolins rescued from the wild.

    Eric Tsao
    Taipei Zoo spokesman
    Currently we have 14 individual Chinese pangolins in our care. But usually through the wildlife rescue program, we will receive more than 20 individuals from the wild. Usually, almost 50% of them, after treatment or healthcare, can reach recovery. So this individual can be released back into the wild hopefully near their original spot that they were discovered by the other colleague.

    As part of an animal exchange agreement, two of Taipei Zoo’s pangolins will be leaving for the Prague Zoo in the Czech Republic. The two zoos have worked together before, such as on a conservation project for the endangered Przewalski's horse.

    Eric Tsao
    Taipei Zoo spokesman
    We work together on different projects of endangered species already. The only difference is that now, they also have the willingness to participate in the Chinese pangolin conservation project.

    One of the pangolins bound for Prague is Cough Drop, or Jun Hou Tang , who was bred at Taipei Zoo. At nearly three years old, she’s just reached the age of sexual maturity. The other is Kuo Pao, a healthy male born on April 9 of this year. They will be heading to Prague Zoo’s state-of-the-art Indonesian Jungle.

    Eric Tsao
    Taipei Zoo spokesman
    They do have a unique facility called Indonesia jungle. The reason for that is that, Prague Zoo already spent huge efforts to save some endangered spaces even in Southeast Asian regions. They have to build this building to provide the adjustable air temperature or humidity. This indoor facility is good for not just Chinese pangolins. They have successful breeding for even Komodo Dragon.

    Paving the way for the pangolins is a big undertaking. For Taipei, a mountain of paperwork is required to ship them, as Chinese pangolins are critically endangered. For Prague, prep work is underway to secure a steady food supply. Wild pangolins eat termites and ants, but Taipei Zoo’s pangolins feast on a special diet that includes honeybee pupae and breadworms to provide chitin.

    Eric Tsao
    Taipei Zoo spokesman
    You have to plant in advance like in Prague, probably it will be hard to get the honey bee pupae during the wintertime. They have to find the storage first to guarantee that Chinese pangolin will not starve during the wintertime.

    Since Prague’s climate is very different from Taipei’s, Prague Zoo plans to build a cave to give the pangolins a cozy home.

    Eric Tsao
    Taipei Zoo spokesman
    Even the Indonesian Jungle seems good to Chinese Pangolins, but still the Chinese pangolin needs extra design. For example, usually our conservation corridor we have an artificial cave. The cave provides special heating facility to make sure inside that area will have appropriate air temperature to keep the Chinese pangolin healthy.

    According to spokesman Eric Tsao, Prague Zoo has hired an architect ahead of the pangolins’ arrival. Prague will send a blueprint of its pangolin holding area to Taipei Zoo, which will approve or give suggestions before construction begins.
    中文 Chinese  
    準備中! 台北市立動物園2穿山甲將借殖至布拉格

    穿山甲是一種鱗片狀的哺乳動物,已瀕危物種。經過多年的努力,台灣已成為稀有的中華穿山甲的保育區。民視英語新聞記者帶您前往台北動物園,去了解舉世聞名的穿山甲,還有兩隻即將前往布拉格的穿山甲。

    台北市立動物園鼎鼎大名的穿山甲芎梧,2014年出生,當時保育員親手餵食。芎梧是世界上第一隻以人工哺育,之後繁衍後代的穿山甲。

    目前,台北動物園有14隻穿山甲,8隻由園方養大,6隻是從野外救來的。

    [[台北市動物園發言人 曹先紹]]
    "目前,我們有14隻中華穿山甲,但是通常透過野生動植物拯救計劃,我們會從野外接收超過20隻。一般來說,有將近一半的穿山甲經過治療或照顧後能康復,就可以讓他們回到野外,放到他們被其他同仁發現的地點。"

    台北市立動物園和捷克的布拉格動物園曾簽署保育合作協議,台北動物園的兩隻穿山甲將被送往布拉格。兩家動物園之前也曾針對瀕臨滅絕的普氏原羚馬,攜手保育計畫。

    [[台北市動物園發言人 曹先紹]]
    "我們已經在瀕危物種的不同項目上進行合作,唯一的不同是,他們現在也願意參加中華穿山甲保護計畫。"

    其中一隻要到布拉格的穿山甲,是台北動物園飼養的潤喉糖,牠快三歲了,已經到了性成熟的年齡。另一個是果寶,是今年4月9日出生的雄性穿山甲,牠們將前往布拉格動物園最先進的印度尼西亞叢林館。

    [[台北市動物園發言人 曹先紹]]
    "他們確實有一個特別的館,叫印度尼西亞叢林。布拉格動物園在搶救一些瀕危物種上非常努力,甚至擴及到東南亞地區。所以他們就得蓋這棟可調節溫度或濕度的建築物。這種室內設施不僅適合中華穿山甲,他們還為科莫多巨蜥成功繁殖。"

    要把穿山甲送出國,準備工作可一點也不輕鬆。台北方面,由於穿山甲是瀕臨絕種的動物,運送出境就需要大量文件。布拉格方面,也著手準備確保穩定的食物供應。野生穿山甲吃白蟻和螞蟻,但台北動物園的穿山甲吃更好,其中包括蜂蛹和富含甲殼素的麵包蟲。

    [[台北市動物園發言人 曹先紹]]
    "布拉格必須提前準備,不然冬天就很難有蜂蛹。他們必須先找到存放處,要確保中華穿山甲冬季不會餓死。"

    由於布拉格的氣候與台北的氣候大不相同,因此布拉格動物園計劃建造一個洞穴,給穿山甲一個舒適的家。

    [[台北市動物園發言人 曹先紹]]
    "印尼叢林館對中華穿山甲來說似乎已經很不錯,但中華穿山甲仍需要額外的設計。例如,通常我們的保育廊道有一個人工洞穴,提供特殊的加熱設施,以確保該區域內部具有適當的氣溫,維持中華穿山甲的健康。"

    台北動物園發言人曹先紹表示,布拉格動物園在穿山甲到達之前,新聘了一位建築師。布拉格會將穿山甲到時所在的區域藍圖給台北動物園,台北這邊將在施工開始之前批准或提出建議。
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