2020/11/27  
Chinese researchers identify new virus with ‘pandemic potential’ (2020/06/30)
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  • 英文 English 
    Chinese researchers identify new virus with ‘pandemic potential’ (2020/06/30)

    Chinese researchers have found a new strain of swine flu that they believe can trigger the next pandemic. It's been named G4, and it's shown an ability to jump from pigs to humans. According to a paper published in a U.S. scientific journal, the virus was detected in the blood of thousands of farm workers and others in China's hog industry. Researchers warn that this virus is highly capable of mutating to become more contagious and virulent to humans.

    On the heels of the novel coronavirus, a new pathogen has appeared in China. Named G4, this virus is described in the latest issue of the U.S. scientific journal, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. It is carried by pigs and observed to be capable of jumping to people. In addition, it has “all the essential hallmarks” of becoming highly adapted to infecting humans. Experts warn that if ignored, G4 could lead to the next global pandemic.

    Huang Li-min
    NTU Hospital
    The internal genes of G4 are descended from the H1N1 virus of 2009. Its outer envelope is a pig virus, with some avian virus mixed in. These genes have been recombined to create a new virus. Even if you have been infected by H1N1 before, your antibodies would not be effective against this strain. So basically we think that this virus would be able to infect everybody.

    The seasonal resurgence of bird flu is bad enough. G4, with no cure and no vaccine, is the next potential threat to humanity. Scientists suspect that G4 is descended from an H1N1 virus that caused an epidemic in Mexico in 2009. Since 2016, it’s been dominant on Chinese pig farms, with 20.5% of 18- to 35-year-old swine workers infected. If the virus continues to mutate, it may develop the ability to pass from human to human.

    Tsou Tsung-pei
    Taiwan CDC
    Most of the new infectious diseases that can infect humans originally came from animals. That’s the case now with COVID-19. Therefore keeping a close watch over infectious diseases common to humans and animals is a very important part of disease surveillance.

    The Taiwan Centers for Disease Control says that the scope of the virus’ effects on humans is still unclear. Until more information is available, people are advised to wash their hands thoroughly after touching raw pork, and to cook pork completely to ensure viruses are killed off.
    中文 Chinese  
    又是中國來的! 「G4病毒」豬傳人恐爆大流行

    武漢肺炎疫情還沒燒完,卻再傳有新病毒來襲!中國出現一種由豬隻帶原的新品種流感病毒G4,已有豬傳人案例,若進一步突變,可能變成大規模人傳人。感染科權威醫師黃立民解釋,這隻病毒有H1N1的傳染力,卻包著豬病毒外衣,等於是隻新病毒,目前有沒有疫苗、藥物可以治療。

    不只武漢肺炎散虐,中國病毒,再添一樁!新型流感病毒G4,登上《美國國家科學院院刊》,由豬帶原,證實可傳人,且已有易傳染給人的特徵。專家警告要是輕忽,可能造成世界大流行。

    [[台大醫院兒童感染科主任 黃立民]]
    “內部的核酸製造的基因,是來自於2009年的H1N1的病毒,他的外套H1N1是來自於豬的,他有些其他基因是來自於鳥類的,所以重組出一隻新的病毒。現在即使感染過H1N1,但是那個抗體對他是沒效的,所以基本上我們認為,每個人都可以被感染。”

    每年禽流感已經夠麻煩,G4病毒沒藥物,沒疫苗,恐怕成為人類新威脅。目前懷疑是2009年墨西哥,H1N1變異而來,2016年在中國養豬場開始流行,當地有20.5%豬農被感染,且產生抗體,要是病毒繼續突變,可能出現人傳人。

    [[疾管署防疫醫師 鄒宗珮]]
    “因為新興傳染病絕大部分的來源,還是來自於人畜共通傳染病,包含現在的武漢肺炎病毒也是,所以對於人畜共通傳染病的監測,是疾病監測當中非常重要的部分。”

    疾管署態度保守,病毒到底會對人產生什麼病況,還不得而知,只能呼籲民眾接觸生豬肉後,務必要洗手,烹煮豬肉也要全熟,避免不知不覺把病毒吞下肚。

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