2020/9/24  
Taiwanese bird group booted from BirdLife International over politics (2020/09/16)
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  • 英文 English 
    Taiwanese bird group booted from BirdLife International over politics (2020/09/16)

    Taiwan's national wild bird federation has been booted from the international coalition BirdLife International, after it refused to sign a politically loaded document.
    The Taipei-based Chinese Wild Bird Federation was asked to sign an acknowledgement that Taiwan was "non-sovereign" and "non-independent." When it refused, it was removed as a partner of the global conservation group.
    Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs says it has asked its representative office to lodge a protest in the U.K., where BirdLife International is headquartered.

    More than 20 years ago, BirdLife International held a conference in Taiwan. Representatives from the association were greeted by then-President Lee Teng-hui. A photo of the encounter still hangs in the office of Taiwan’s wild bird federation, which has recently lost its partnership with BirdLife International.

    Allen Lyu
    CWBF deputy secretary-general
    They don’t have any members from China. If Chinese bird conservation groups tried to join, Taiwan could become a politically sensitive issue. So we changed our group’s English name. But this year and in 2019, they asked us to change our Chinese name, saying our Chinese name posed a risk to their operations. But we gradually came to realize, over several rounds of talks, that the problem was not really our name. The problem they really wanted to solve was – they were hoping we would leave on our own.

    Although BirdLife International did not spell out the demand, the Taiwan group said the meaning was clear.

    Allen Lyu
    Chinese Wild Bird Federation
    They wanted us to sign a document on the politically sensitive issue of Taiwan. The document said we would acknowledge that Taiwan is a non-sovereign and non-independent state. We are the national non-government organization for Taiwan. We couldn’t sign a political document like that. Then they said that for this reason, we would not be able to absolve them of the risk. So this is one of the excuses they gave for kicking us out.

    Taiwan’s bird association was asked to change its English name many times before. The association was founded in 1988 as the “Wild Bird Society of the Republic of China.” After joining the partnership with BirdLife, the name was changed on request to “Chinese Wild Bird Federation.” In 2001, the name changed again to “Wild Bird Federation Taiwan.” Starting in 2005, BirdLife International began pressuring the group to stop using the words “Republic of China” in its Chinese name and “Taiwan” in its English name. So the group once again became “Chinese Wild Bird Federation” in English. It also agreed to go by a shortened version of its Chinese name. But the pressure continued, culminating in BirdLife asking the Taiwan group to sign a political statement.

    Voice of Joanne Ou
    Foreign ministry spokeswoman
    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs will ask the representative office in the U.K. – because BirdLife International is headquartered in Cambridge – to lodge a stern protest.

    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs protested the issue. Internet users have also flooded the BirdLife International’s page with complaints, accusing it of working for Beijing. Taiwan’s bird group says it’s contacted bird associations from other countries for support. It stressed that the exclusion would not end its conservation work.
    中文 Chinese  
    拒簽「政治表態」 中華鳥會遭國際鳥盟除名

    中國打壓又一樁嗎?中華野鳥學會月初被國際鳥盟除名,理由是中文名稱對夥伴關係造成經營風險。中華鳥會表示,近期國際鳥盟不只要求中華野鳥學會改名,還要求簽署文件,承諾不促進或倡導台獨,學會不從,因次被除名。外交部對此表達譴責,已經表達抗議。

    20多年前,國際鳥盟來台灣,當時的總統李登輝接見,合照還框起來,掛在辦公室裡。中華野鳥協會怎麼也沒想到,竟會被國際鳥盟除名。

    [[中華鳥會副秘書長 呂翊維]]
    “他沒有中國的會員,所以為了整個中國的鳥類保育,他們想要嘗試進入,台灣這邊可能就有些,政治敏感的問題。所以我們曾經改過英文名稱,但是今年和2019年,他們要求我們改的是中文名稱,說我們的中文名稱,對他們的經營是一個,具有風險的。但後來我們也漸漸明白說,我們在幾次會談後也漸漸明白說,名稱問題似乎不是他們,真正想要解決的問題,他其實是希望我們自行離開。”

    儘管國際鳥盟,話不說清楚,但政治力介入顯而易見。

    [[中華鳥會副秘書長 呂翊維]]
    “跟台灣政治敏感的文件要我們簽署,那個文件就是要我們承認,台灣是一個非主權獨立的國家。我們是這個國家的NGO,我們不可能做這樣子牽扯政治的文件。他們也是用基於這樣的理由說,我們沒有辦法解除他們的risk、他們的風險,所以這也是他們藉口,把我們踢出去的理由之一。”

    其實,中華野鳥學會被要求改名已經不是第一次。1988年創會時,原本英文以 R.O.C為名;1994年加入國際鳥盟時,改使用Chinese;2001年改用Taiwan。但2005年開始,中國官方對國際鳥盟施壓,要求中文名稱不得使用「中華民國」,英文也不能有「Taiwan」,因此英文又改回Chinese,中文改稱中華鳥會。沒想到,這回變本加厲,加碼要求台灣簽署政治表態文件。

    [[聲源:外交部發言人 歐江安]]
    “外交部我們將訓令駐英國代表處,也就是國際鳥盟總部所在地劍橋,來正式表達我國的嚴正關切與抗議。”

    外交部表達抗議,國際鳥盟的臉書粉絲頁也有網友不滿,譴責國際鳥盟成為北京打手。中華鳥會已經聯繫其他國家的鳥盟,極力爭取權益之外,也強調保育工作,不會因此停歇。

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