2019/8/19  
Agriculture authorities on watch for invasion of fall armyworms (2019/06/11)
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  • 英文 English 
    Agriculture authorities on watch for invasion of fall armyworms (2019/06/11)

    Agricultural authorities are on alert after Taiwan's first sighting of the fall armyworm, a bug that eats the leaves of maize, rice, and sorghum. The invasive insect was found last weekend in a field of corn in Miaoli. Agriculture officials have set up pheromone traps across Taiwan and are strengthening border quarantine to fight this unwelcome visitor.

    Miaoli agriculture officials pick through the field of forage maize. They pull apart the leaves carefully, searching for fall armyworms.

    Days earlier, it was confirmed that this field harbored Taiwan’s first fall armyworms. Officials went in quickly to destroy the affected crops to prevent insects from propagating. Taiwan’s inspections authority also sprang into action.

    Feng Hai-tung
    Council of Agriculture
    There are some key actions against fall armyworms. Of course, along the border at airports and harbors, we have already set up pheromone traps. In the case there are adult insects that enter through these means of transport, our airports and ports have all set up checkpoints.

    Fall armyworms originate from tropical and subtropical areas in America. They are listed as a pest by the U.N.’s Food and Agriculture Organization, and they can harm maize, rice and sorghum crops. Last year, the species spread to China, where it proliferated. Up until last weekend, Taiwan had been spared by the scourge.

    Huang Jin-cheng
    Council of Agriculture
    This insect can fly. It so happens that this season is when southwesterly winds blow toward Taiwan. So it’s very likely that during this period, they will be blown over from China to Taiwan by these wind currents.

    So far, farmers in Toucheng Township in Yilan and Chiayi’s Yichu Township have reported signs of the pest in their cornfields. Authorities are verifying samples and taking countermeasures to keep the fall armyworm from sweeping the nation.

    中文 Chinese  
    中國"秋行軍蟲"入侵台灣 防檢局緊急啟動應變

    危害中國農業18省的秋行軍蟲也來襲了,苗栗飛牛牧場一處玉米田裡,有民眾發現有隻蟲外觀很類似秋行軍蟲,趕緊通報相關單位,鑑定結果出爐,確定為秋行軍蟲,將採用掩埋銷毀方式處理。

    走進牧場青割玉米田裡,農業處人員仔細的翻著葉子,尋找秋行軍蟲。

    日前確定牧場的牧草出現秋行軍蟲後,相關單位立刻對玉米田作物,進行剷除銷毀。防檢局也提出對策。

    [[防檢局局長 馮海東]]
    “針對整個秋行軍蟲的關鍵作為,當然我們從邊境上,從我們的空港、海港都已經設有費洛蒙的陷阱。如果有成蟲,透過交通工具運輸進來,在我們空港、海港都設有監測點。”

    秋行軍蟲原分布在美洲熱帶和亞熱帶地區。被FAO預警為農業害蟲,主要危害玉米、稻、高粱。從去年開始蔓延,傳到中國,蟲害迅速擴大,而台灣之前從未發現過。

    [[農委會副主委 黃金城]]
    “這一個蟲具有飛行能力,剛好這個季節是西南氣流吹向台灣來的時間點,所以非常有可能,在這段時間隨著氣流從中國飄到台灣來。”

    目前宜蘭縣頭城鄉、嘉義義竹鄉玉米田,也有通報發現疑似秋行軍幼蟲蹤跡,相關防疫也都採取檢驗,做好措施。
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