2019/5/27  
英文 English 
FDA under fire for plan to lift import ban on controversial herbicide (2019/05/15)

A lawmaker raised an outcry today over the government's plan to lift its ban on a controversial herbicide. The herbicide, called glyphosate, is under fire in the U.S., where a California court ruled on Monday that it had contributed to an elderly couple's cancer.

Millet, buckwheat, and oats are found on tables island-wide. Currently Taiwan has a zero-tolerance policy for glyphosate in all grain imports, but officials are now considering allowing up to 10 ppm. They also want to raise their guideline for glyphosate's acceptable daily intake.

Lin Shu-fen
DPP lawmaker
These past few years, all the imports have been passing our tests. Importers have brought in approved products that have no trace of the substance, that have all tested negative. Why is it that you need to ease the ban "for the convenience of importers"?

Warren Kuo
Agronomy professor
Even at a low rate of 1/20 of typical rates, glyphosate has been found to affect the white blood cells of the human lymphatic system. It's been found to affect the DNA.

Customs records show that out of the 1,523 batches of grain tested, only 23 came up positive for glyphosate, and only for a small amount. DPP lawmaker Lin Shu-fen said that importers have had no trouble meeting Taiwan's food safety restrictions, and so there was no evidence to suggest that current policy should change. The FDA said it was rethinking its policy at the request of a major U.S. agricultural technology company.

Lin Chin-fu
FDA deputy director
This case, yes, it did come from them.

Lin Shu-fen
DPP lawmaker
It is normal for companies like Monsanto to file such applications. But why did you accept the application and then announce that you would ease the ban and add a 10 ppm limit?

She urged the FDA to hit pause on its reevaluation of its glyphosate policy. She said there have already been three successful lawsuits in the U.S. that made the case for the ingredient being a carcinogen. If the FDA changed its zero-tolerance policy, she said, it would hurt farmers as well as the health of the people.
中文 Chinese  
美施壓? 食藥署預告放寬大麥"嘉磷塞"殘留量

農委會雖沒全面禁用含嘉磷塞的除草劑年年春,但也呼籲減少使用。不料,食藥署卻在此時,預告增列穀物的嘉磷塞殘留容許量,立委質疑檢出標準放寬,追問之下,官員坦承,是美國孟山都來申請。

小米、蕎麥、燕麥這些幾乎天天都吃的穀物,原本都不容許驗出嘉磷塞,不過食藥署卻研擬放寬到10ppm,也提高每日容許攝取量。

[[立委(民) 林淑芬]]
"過去這幾年來驗起來都合格的,進口商都可以進口合格的、零檢出的、沒有檢出的,那為什麼你要去開放給進口商方便。"

[[台大觀點種子網教授 郭華仁]]
"1/20那麼低的濃度之下,那麼他發現人類的這個淋巴細胞,他的DNA就會受到影響。"

過去1523批的進口穀物,只有23批被驗出少量嘉磷塞,既然過去廠商都能符合標準,為什麼還要放寬?一查才發現,居然是美國知名農業公司申請。

[[食藥署副署長 林金富]]
"這個案子,確實是"

[[立委(民) 林淑芬]]
"孟山都業者提出申請,是正常的。但是,你們為什麼會接受申請,然後去公告一個10ppm的放寬、增列。"

難道是美方施壓?立委要求趕快採煞車,因為美國已經有三起嘉磷塞致癌官司勝訴。一旦訂出容許攝取值,受衝擊的不只是農民,甚至可能影響民眾健康。
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